Bladder Spasms: Signs, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Bladder Spasms Signs Causes Diagnosis Treatment

Was there a time when you felt a sudden need to urinate—and it ended up hurting tremendously when you attempted to release urine?

If so, you might be suffering a urinary condition known as a bladder spasm. Many men suffer from this medical condition, as approximately 423 million people worldwide experience some form of urinary incontinence, which is a common bladder spasm precursor.

A bladder spasm is when a bladder muscle called the detrusor causes uncomfortable or painful contractions. The involuntary contractions can cause pain when urinating and a sudden urge to urinate.

Though bladder spasms are common in older people, bladder spasms are not a normal part of aging. Fortunately, there are ways to treat this medical condition.

Read the article to know the causes, symptoms, and treatments available to help you establish better bladder control.

What Are Bladder Spasms?

Bladder spasms are sudden involuntary contractions or tightening movements of a patient’s bladder’s detrusor muscle.

These series of repeated contractions cause patients to urgently want to urinate. This symptom may also lead to urinary incontinence, or an inability to hold urine.

Bladder spasms can be painful, causing discomfort like cramps and a burning sensation when releasing urine. Bladder spasms are near-synonymous with an overactive bladder (OAB), though it should be mentioned that they are different conditions.

A common myth about bladder spasms and their consequences is their relation to aging. However, such an association has been debunked, as men can suffer from this condition regardless of their age.

That said, there are a slew of health conditions that may cause bladder spasms, which we’ll get into detail below.

Signs and Symptoms of Bladder Spasms

Two of the most common symptoms of bladder spasms are an urge to urinate and an inability to hold urine. However, the specific symptoms of bladder spasms vary depending on their cause.

Urinary Tract Infections

If a UTI causes bladder spasms, the following symptoms may be present:

  • Burning sensation when voiding (urinating)
  • Discolored or cloudy urine
  • Strong odor from urine
  • Pelvic pains
  • Scant urine output

Overactive Bladder

Bladder spasms caused by OAB or urge incontinence have the following symptoms:

  • Urine leakage
  • Frequent urination
  • Nocturia

If you have any symptoms, contact a doctor to get proper treatment.

Causes of Bladder Spasms

Various underlying medical conditions can cause bladder spasms. Some of them are described below.

Overactive Bladder

Also known as urge incontinence, an overactive bladder causes an urgent need to urinate and, in other cases, involuntary urine leakage.

It’s estimated that 30% of men and 40% of women in the US have symptoms of OAB. In general, OAB is a result of another underlying health condition.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

Bladder pain and burning are common symptoms of a UTI.

Bacteria such as E.coli can spread from the anus or kidney to the urethra, causing lower abdominal pain, burning or discomfort during urine release, and discolored urine.

Interstitial Cystitis

Also called painful bladder syndrome, interstitial cystitis refers to urinary and bladder pain caused by an epithelium lining defect. The pain is recurring and often severe.

The condition is fairly widespread, affecting 3-8 million women and 1-4 million men in the United States.

Irritation from Urinary Catheter

Also known as catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD), the symptom of this condition mimics OAB. The catheter can cause complications due to bladder discomfort and infections.

An Unhealthy Diet

Frequent consumption of spicy, acidic, or citrusy foods may irritate the bladder lining in some people.

These include:

  • Alcohol
  • Artificial sweeteners
  • Caffeinated beverages
  • Chocolates
  • Pickled foods

Enlarged Prostate

An enlarged prostate, which can frequently occur following a prostatectomy or prostate removal surgeries, can cause bladder spasm. This is because it weakens the bladder and pelvic floor muscles, causing bladder problems and sexual health dysfunctions like erectile dysfunction.

Neurological Disorders

When brain signals fail to send messages to the bladder, the bladder may not work to its optimal state.

This umbrella term for this condition is often called a “neurogenic bladder”. Here are some neurological symptoms that affect the bladder:

  • Brain tumors
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Diabetic neuropathy
  • Stroke

Diuretic Medications

Bladder spasms may occur as a side effect after taking certain medications. These include:

  • Bethanechol (Urecholine)
  • Furosemide (Lasix)
  • Valrubicin (Valstar)

How Is a Bladder Spasm Diagnosed?

How Is a Bladder Spasm Diagnosed screening process

The screening process starts with the doctor checking your medical history and medication history. Following that procedure, a urine sample examination will be conducted to check for bacteria, blood, or other signs of infection. If there is no sign of infection, the doctor might perform additional tests.

These urine tests may measure leftover urine in the bladder after voiding, the speed of urination, and bladder pressure. If no specific cause is detected, the doctor will ask for a neurological test to check for nervous issues. Your clinician might also ask you to keep a bladder diary, which documents your fluid intake and urine output.

Following a diagnosis, your doctor will prescribe you one or a combination of treatment plans to help you recover.

Treatment for Bladder Spasms

Fortunately, bladder spasms are treatable. Exercise, lifestyle changes, and medication can help reduce bladder spasms.

Here’s a full list of what strategies you can undergo to manage symptoms:

  • Dietary changes: If certain food products or additives are causing spasms, then keeping a food diary can be helpful for doctors to identify problem areas.
  • Timed voiding: Urinating at regular intervals can help regulate urination. Timed voiding is especially useful for training patients who are minors.
  • Pelvic floor exercises: Kegels, a popular exercise, help strengthen the bladder and other muscles in holding urine in the body.
  • Bladder relaxation medicines: Anticholinergics are commonly prescribed drugs to relax the bladder and prevent spasms. They include oxybutynin (Oxytrol), solifenacin (Vesicare), and darifenacin (Enablex).

Other treatments such as the following are reserved for more severe cases of the condition:

  1. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) treatment
  2. Electrical stimulation implants
  3. Pain medicines
  4. Sedatives

If you’re unsure about the severity of your condition, contact a doctor to get a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Contact Georgia’s Top Male Sexual Health Clinic for a Medical Consultation

Contact Georgia’s Top Male Sexual Health Clinic for a Medical Consultation

If you have or think you have bladder spasms, don’t keep the problem to yourself. Bladder spasms can be caused by infection or any other serious underlying condition, so it’s important to seek treatment right away.

The medical professionals at men’s clinic Priority Men’s Medical Center specialize in treating conditions that impact men’s health. Our concierge approach positions your unique case at the centerpoint of our focus. We don’t just give you a pill and send you on your way. We treat the underlying issues that led to conditions such as ED, Low Testosterone, Andropause, and more. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

7 Surprising Risk Factors for Erectile Dysfunction (ED)

It’s normal to experience sexual off days from time to time. What’s not normal is a persistent inability to attain and maintain an erection. This condition is known as erectile dysfunction, or ED for short. There are multiple reasons why men experience ED. This…

Bioidentical vs Traditional Testosterone Replacement Therapy

With the advancement of technology over the years, there have been great strides in improvement in the medical field. Bioidentical hormone therapy is one such development in the world of medical science. This therapeutic procedure uses processed hormones that mimic the hormones made by…

Underactive Bladder? 4 Facts Men Need to Know

Did you know? Frequent urination and urinary incontinence are signs of an overactive bladder (OAB). It’s a prevalent urinary condition that mostly affects aged men, causing a great deal of shame and embarrassment for patients. An underactive bladder, on the other hand, has the…

5 Believable Myths about Premature Ejaculation, Debunked

Sexual dysfunction in various forms, including premature ejaculation, is often shrouded in mystery for many people—and it’s not because of a lack of scientific research. This topic is usually swept under the rug since many men would rather uphold their sexual dignity than admit…

Can Vaping Cause Erectile Dysfunction in Men?

Extensive studies spanning decades of research have revealed that cigarette smoking is a key contributor to the development of erectile dysfunction. But is vaping linked to erectile dysfunction too? Turns out, there is a significant association between vaping and erectile dysfunction. And the evidence…

What to Do After an Erectile Dysfunction Diagnosis

Have you been diagnosed with erectile dysfunction and are looking for more information on what to do next? It finally happened. After months of agony and unsatisfying sex, you finally get the dreaded results of your physical exam: you are clinically diagnosed with erectile…

Is It Bad to Have Sex Every Day?

Having sex every day is not a common practice. In fact, only about 4% of the grown adult population engage in sexual activity on a day-to-day basis. That is consecutive and penetrative sex for all 365 days in a year. If you find yourself…

Antidepressants and Sex Drive: Sexual Side Effects of SSRIs

Has your interest in sex gone down the drain the moment you’ve treated your depression? You’re not alone. Millions of people are struggling with the same problem. And for these folks, there’s one underlying source of the issue—SSRI medication. SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors)…

Can a Prostate Biopsy Lead to Erectile Dysfunction?

Prostate cancer screening often necessitates a prostate biopsy to detect the disease. Prostate biopsies attempt to gather samples of prostate cells to determine the presence or absence of cancerous cells. Unfortunately, for some men, this procedure can be a cause of momentary erectile dysfunction…

How to Rekindle a Relationship and Reignite Passion in Marriage

Are the flames that once flared brilliantly in your relationship now just smoldering ashes? Do you find yourself apathetic—if not irritated—toward your partner? It can be rough being at the brunt of a relationship standstill. However, with some effort and proper approaches, you can…

Sexually Frustrated? How to Deal with Sexual Frustration

Do you feel like you’re not getting your sexual needs met? Are you finding it more difficult to get in the mood for sex? If so, you may be sexually frustrated. Sexual frustration pertains to feelings of frustration, irritation, and stress due to unfulfilled…

Is Low Testosterone Genetic? What the Research Says

The short answer? It’s possible that low testosterone is hereditary, but not for the same reasons as cancer or heart disease. Unless you’re an advanced robot or some extra-terrestrial being, you are made from cells that perform essential functions to keep you alive. Inside…

Does Testosterone Make You Taller?

We’ve all heard about the connection between testosterone and muscularity in men. But what about testosterone and height? Do high testosterone levels really add inches to your frame? The answer isn’t so straightforward. First, it’s important to mention the most important determinant of adult…

Viagra Not Working? Consider These ED Treatment Options

Are you experiencing a hard time getting an erection, even after taking the little blue pill? According to the American Urological Association, between 56 to 81% of PDE-5 treatment failures are due to people taking it incorrectly. Even if you’ve followed the right procedures,…

How to Last Longer in Bed: 5 Ways to Last Longer During Sex

Nothing can be more disappointing than to ejaculate before your partner is ready. It can be upsetting, frustrating, and discordant—especially if you still find yourself unable to control the urge after several attempts. Sex should be a fun occasion, not an embarrassing one that…
Proudly Featured On
ESPN Radio logo
ABC News logo
Fox News Radio logo
CBS Sports Radio logo
NBC Sports Radio logo