Blog

Prostate Cancer Screening (PSA): When Should Men Get Screened for Prostate Cancer?

Prostate Cancer Screening PSA When Should Men Get Screened for Prostate Cancer

Starting at age 55, men should start getting screened for prostate cancer every year at their doctor’s discretion. If there’s a family history of prostate cancer, men should start screenings as early as the age of 40.

Before undergoing screening, men should talk to a medical professional about the potential risks and benefits of taking the test. While a vast majority of men who get screened will have a better glimpse of their health and potentially reduce the risk of death, there is a small chance of false positives and other risks associated with the test.

When a false negative occurs, this can lead to prostate cancer treatment that a man may not need. For example, some men may opt for surgery or radiation therapy even though their cancer is slow-growing and not causing any problems. These treatments can also come with the risk of serious side effects, such as urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction.

Clinicians must therefore screen men for prostate cancer using the PSA test with caution, and patients must be informed of both the risks and benefits of testing before undergoing screening.

What is a Prostate Cancer Exam?

There are two primary ways doctors may examine whether there are abnormalities in the prostate: a PSA blood test and a digital rectal screening test.

A prostate cancer exam is a medical examination used to observe and feel the prostate for any lumps or changes in size. The prostate gland is a small, walnut-shaped gland located just below the bladder in men. The exam usually involves the doctor feeling the prostate through the rectum.

One type of prostate cancer exam is the prostate cancer screening (PSA) test. The PSA test is a blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. If the value falls between 2.0 to 4.0 ng/mL, the doctor may advise you to get tested yearly, although that figure isn’t alarming.

If the value is above 4 ng/mL, it may also be subject to a more thorough investigation as it could indicate conditions such as:

Another type of prostate cancer exam is the digital rectal exam (DRE). The DRE involves the doctor inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to feel the prostate for any lumps or changes in size.

If abnormalities have been found, doctors will urge patients to continue taking further evaluations like a prostate biopsy, an MRI scan, or other effective therapy procedures.

Are Prostate Exams Painful?

Prostate exams can cause discomfort, but they’re not usually painful. If you have conditions that can make the test uncomfortable, such as anal fissures and hemorrhoids, tell your doctor about it. They may give you a local anesthetic to numb the area.

Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer mortality and diagnosis are two different things.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in the United States. The World Health Organization (WHO) claims that it’s the third most common type of cancer, just before lung and colorectal cancer. In 2020, it’s estimated that 13% of men in the US will have prostate cancer at some point in their lives.

That said, with the advancement of the medical field and technology, a man is less likely to experience prostate cancer death. One recent statistic found that only 15 out of 100,000 men diagnosed with prostate cancer will succumb to it.

That said, there are some risk factors that may increase a man’s chance of developing prostate cancer. They are as follows:

  1. Age: The older a man is, the more likely he is to develop prostate cancer.
  2. Family History: If a man’s father or brother has had prostate cancer, his risk of developing it goes up.
  3. Ethnicity: African-American men are 60% more likely to develop prostate cancer than Caucasians. People from North America and Europe are also more likely to develop it.
  4. Obesity: Men who are obese have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer.
  5. Smoking: Men who smoke have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer.

If you have any of these risk factors, it’s important to speak with your doctor about getting screened for prostate cancer. By catching the cancer early, you can prevent it from worsening and causing serious health complications.

What to Prepare Before Screening for Prostate Cancer

What to Prepare Before Screening for Prostate Cancer

There are a few things you can do to prepare for your prostate cancer screening.

These include:

  1. Scheduling an appointment with your doctor
  2. Talking to your doctor about your family medical history
  3. Making sure to tell your doctor of existing health conditions

You should also abstain from sexual activity or ejaculation for at least 48 hours before the screening. This will help to clear the prostate of any potential fluids that could interfere with the test results.

Another common worry for people who are getting screened for prostate cancer is whether they should poop before the exam. Unlike a colonoscopy, you don’t have to worry about preparing your bowels for a prostate exam.

If you don’t feel like you need to poop, you can go ahead and skip it. Don’t feel ashamed if fecal matter does come out during the exam either, as it’s not uncommon.

How Long Should I Wait for my PSA Test Results?

It can take one or two weeks on average to get your PSA test results back from the lab. In the meantime, stay calm and continue living a healthy lifestyle. This not only helps you improve your prostate health, but general health too.

Positive lifestyle changes may include:

  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Quitting smoking
  • Limiting your alcohol intake

Takeaways for Prostate Cancer Screenings and Improving Men’s Health

Takeaways for Prostate Cancer Screenings and Improving Men’s Health

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in the world. However, as doctors detect prostate cancer early, they can ensure that the client gets a much better chance of survival.

If you’re over the age of 50, have a family history of prostate cancer, or are overweight, you should speak with a doctor about getting screened for prostate cancer.

Contact the medical professionals at Atlanta’s Priority Men’s Medical Center specialize in treating conditions that impact men’s health. Our concierge approach positions your unique case at the centerpoint of our focus. We don’t just give you a pill and send you on your way. We treat the underlying issues that led to conditions such as Erectile Dysfunction, PE, Low Testosterone, and more. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

Can Vaping Cause Erectile Dysfunction in Men?

Extensive studies spanning decades of research have revealed that cigarette smoking is a key contributor to the development of erectile dysfunction. But is vaping linked to erectile dysfunction too? Turns out, there is a significant association between vaping and erectile dysfunction. And the evidence…

What to Do After an Erectile Dysfunction Diagnosis

Have you been diagnosed with erectile dysfunction and are looking for more information on what to do next? It finally happened. After months of agony and unsatisfying sex, you finally get the dreaded results of your physical exam: you are clinically diagnosed with erectile…

Is It Bad to Have Sex Every Day?

Having sex every day is not a common practice. In fact, only about 4% of the grown adult population engage in sexual activity on a day-to-day basis. That is consecutive and penetrative sex for all 365 days in a year. If you find yourself…

Antidepressants and Sex Drive: Sexual Side Effects of SSRIs

Has your interest in sex gone down the drain the moment you’ve treated your depression? You’re not alone. Millions of people are struggling with the same problem. And for these folks, there’s one underlying source of the issue—SSRI medication. SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors)…

Can a Prostate Biopsy Lead to Erectile Dysfunction?

Prostate cancer screening often necessitates a prostate biopsy to detect the disease. Prostate biopsies attempt to gather samples of prostate cells to determine the presence or absence of cancerous cells. Unfortunately, for some men, this procedure can be a cause of momentary erectile dysfunction…

How to Rekindle a Relationship and Reignite Passion in Marriage

Are the flames that once flared brilliantly in your relationship now just smoldering ashes? Do you find yourself apathetic—if not irritated—toward your partner? It can be rough being at the brunt of a relationship standstill. However, with some effort and proper approaches, you can…

Sexually Frustrated? How to Deal with Sexual Frustration

Do you feel like you’re not getting your sexual needs met? Are you finding it more difficult to get in the mood for sex? If so, you may be sexually frustrated. Sexual frustration pertains to feelings of frustration, irritation, and stress due to unfulfilled…

Is Low Testosterone Genetic? What the Research Says

The short answer? It’s possible that low testosterone is hereditary, but not for the same reasons as cancer or heart disease. Unless you’re an advanced robot or some extra-terrestrial being, you are made from cells that perform essential functions to keep you alive. Inside…

Does Testosterone Make You Taller?

We’ve all heard about the connection between testosterone and muscularity in men. But what about testosterone and height? Do high testosterone levels really add inches to your frame? The answer isn’t so straightforward. First, it’s important to mention the most important determinant of adult…

Viagra Not Working? Consider These ED Treatment Options

Are you experiencing a hard time getting an erection, even after taking the little blue pill? According to the American Urological Association, between 56 to 81% of PDE-5 treatment failures are due to people taking it incorrectly. Even if you’ve followed the right procedures,…

How to Last Longer in Bed: 5 Ways to Last Longer During Sex

Nothing can be more disappointing than to ejaculate before your partner is ready. It can be upsetting, frustrating, and discordant—especially if you still find yourself unable to control the urge after several attempts. Sex should be a fun occasion, not an embarrassing one that…

How Does RestoreWave Therapy Work for Erectile Dysfunction?

RestoreWave is a form of ED treatment that uses pulsed acoustic waves to improve poor blood flow, helping patients achieve or maintain a healthy erection. The waves are delivered through a hand-held device that is placed on the skin over the area being treated—typically,…

Are Erectile Dysfunction Pills Safe Or Bad for Your Heart?

Erectile dysfunction is a condition that affects nearly half of men over 40.  For most men facing ED, erectile dysfunction pills are generally considered safe to use as prescribed by a doctor. While this article focuses around ED pills and safety, safe does not…
Proudly Featured On
ESPN Radio logo
ABC News logo
Fox News Radio logo
CBS Sports Radio logo
NBC Sports Radio logo